AGRI-PROFILE: GLORIA, ORIENTAL MINDORO
Gloria, Oriental Mindoro
Gloria, officially the Municipality of Gloria, (formerly Maligaya), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 45,073 people.
The town was previously a barangay called Maligaya, the largest barangay during the administration of President Diosdado Macapagal. Local politicians, led by former guerrilla chief Nicolas Jamilla, Sr., battled for the conversion of Maligaya into a new town. They renamed it after the ten-year-old daughter of the President, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, who later on herself became the fourteenth President in 2001. Jamilla became the first mayor of the town, which kept the old name “Maligaya” as the name of a barangay in the poblacion.
The major agricultural crops of Gloria according to the size of area planted are: rice (51 percent), banana (35 percent) and fruit crops (4 percent). The total volume of agricultural production in 1999 in about 4,425 hectares of land was 32,841.83 metric tons. About 46 percent of total production were obtained from irrigated and rain-fed rice. Another priority crop of Gloria is banana, planted to about 1,547 hectares of land wherein about 3,800 metric tons were harvested in 1999. Table 4.2 shows the agricultural crop situation in Gloria.
Agricultural Crops Situation, By Selected Crops, 1999
|Rice (twicea year)|
Agricultural Crops Situation, By Selected Crops, 1999
|Rice (twice a year)|
In Bgys. Lucio Laurel, Balete, Papandungin, Malayong, Kawit and G. Antonino are situated the biggest land areas devoted to rice production. These account for about 53 percent of the total rice fields in the municipality. A large-scope irrigation project in Lucio Laurel is set to commence in the very near future.
In 1999, Gloria contributed 15,431.81 MT of rice or about four percent of total rice produced in the province of Oriental Mindoro (Table 4.3). Gloria’s rice lands yielded about 3.70 MT of rice per hectare. The figure was quite low compared to Pinamalayan, which had a total of 4.82 MT/ha. Due to the difficulties that farmers have encountered in rice production, concerns have been raised regarding the insufficiency of irrigation and other facilities serving the agriculture sector of the municipality. The most popular rice variety being grown is PSBRc 18 because of its resistance to tungro. About 90 percent of the farmers are In 1999, Gloria contributed 15,431.81 MT of rice or about four percent of total rice produced in the province of Oriental Mindoro (Table 4.3). Gloria’s rice lands yielded about 3.70 MT of rice per hectare. The figure was quite low compared to Pinamalayan, which had a total of 4.82 MT/ha. Due to the difficulties that farmers have encountered in rice production, concerns have been raised regarding the insufficiency of irrigation and other facilities serving the agriculture sector of the municipality. The most popular rice variety being grown is PSBRc 18 because of its resistance to tungro.
Most rice farmers resort to borrowing from input suppliers and trader to finance their farm operations at six to seven percent interests per month. In the past, some farmers availed of the Plant Now Pay Later program of the government. However the repayment rate is a dismal 25 percent. During peak harvests, the farmers receive P8.00 to P8.30 per kilogram of dried palay and P7.30 for wet palay. The surplus rice productions of Gloria are distributed in Metro Manila, Batangas, Marinduque and Romblon.
The biggest white corn producing barangay is Barangay Sta. Maria. It has a total of 15 ha. of land devoted to corn. The average productivity per hectare per season is 0.875 MT/ha. for yellow corn and 0.94 MT/ha. for white corn.
Barangays Banus, Manguyang, and Malayong are the major banana producing areas of Gloria (about 64 percent of total municipal land area planted to bananas). Average yield of bananas is 2.46 MT/ha. Approximately 80 percent of bananas grown are of the saba variety. The balance of 20 percent are distributed to the production of lakatan, latundan and other minor varieties. The main market for the bananas of Gloria is the Divisoria market. Most banana growers know the Divisoria price of banana because of modern telecommunications technology. The saba variety fetches a price of P45 to P65 per 100 pieces, while table bananas receives a premium of P10.
The major calamansi producing barangays are Manguyang, Malamig, Banus, Maligaya, Mirayan, Banutan, and Papandungin (79 percent of total calamansi area). The average productivity is 4.73 MT/ha. per year.
A total of 112.258 hectares were planted to various rootcrops in 1999. Around 38 percent (42.721 hectares) were devoted to cassava, 35 percent (39.114 hectares) to camote, 15 percent (16.983 hectares) to gabi, and 12 percent (2.85 hectares) to tugui. The production performance of the various crops are very low – 3.45MT/ha. for cassava, 3.28 MT/ha. for camote, 4.5 MT/ha. for ubi, 5.4 MT/ha. for tugui, and 1.980 MT/ha. for gabi.
Ginger is the most predominant spice crop grown by farmers especially in Barangay Manguyang which constitutes 93 percent (or 13 hectares) of the total area planted to spices. The other minor spices grown are garlic and onion. Average yield per hectare of the three spice crops is very low – 3.15 MT/ha. for ginger, 3 MT/ha. for garlic, and 3 MT/ha. for onion.
The major industrial crop of Gloria is coconut. Around 3,583 hectares are currently devoted to coconut production. With a gross volume of 5,374.50 MT production, the yield per hectare is relatively high at 1.5 MT of copra per year compared to the national average of 1.0 MT/ha.
The area planted to other industrial crops is very small – 4.667 hectares of coffee, 3.578 hectares for cacao and 0.275 for sugarcane. Like most other crops, the productivity is very low. Coffee production per hectare is a measly 0.5 MT, 1.18 MT for cacao, and 0.09 MT for sugarcane.
Major vegetables grown in Gloria in terms of land area are: mungbean, ampalaya, squash, peanut and eggplant. Total area devoted to these vegetable crops is 116.76 hectares. The productivity of these crops is also very low.
Livestock and Poultry Situation
Backyard livestock production (Table 4.4 refers) on horses, swine, cattle and goats increased at differing rates from 1996 to 1998. Swine also increased at a steady rate of about 18 to 20 percent, while the population of horses rose to about 79 percent from 1996 to 1997. There was a general increase in the population of carabaos during the same period as well.
Backyard Livestock Situation
|No. of Heads||1996||1997||1998||1999|
|Source:,MAO, Gloria, 1999|
Table below shows the total poultry population in Gloria as of 2000. Based on the table, most poultry farms are located in Bgys. Tambong and Maligaya.
|Barangay||No. of Heads|
|Lucio Laurel||150 heads|
|Sta. Maria||100 heads|
|Sta. Theresa||100 heads|
|A. Bonifacio||50 heads|
|Alma Villa||50 heads|
|Source: MAO, Gloria, 2000|
Gloria is one of the municipal beneficiaries of the Rural Improvement Club’s (RIC) on-going swine breeding and dispersal project in Oriental Mindoro wherein female piglets are being distributed, retrieved and dispersed to farmers on a regular basis.
Status of Fishery and Aquatic Resources
The Family Employment Profile of Gloria shows that in the coastal barangays of Bgys. Bulaklakan, Tambong, San Antonio, Balete, Sta. Theresa, Guimbonan, Maragooc, and Agsalin, about nine percent of the families are economically dependent on fishing as the main source of their livelihood. Moreover, about 14 percent head of the families rely on fishing as a secondary source of income. At the moment, no data on fish production in the coastal waters of Gloria is available.
There are around 77 units of backyard fishponds in Gloria with an average size of about 350 sqm each. A number of these came about through the help of the municipal government that has been distributing fishponds to local individuals since June 1999.
Status of Agricultural Facilities and Extension Services
In terms of extension services, Gloria has a total of five registered multi-purpose cooperatives consisting of farmers’, and barangay cooperatives reflecting a high level of cooperativism in the area.
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office of Gloria, Oriental Mindoro