AGRI-PROFILE: SOCORRO

Socorro, Oriental Mindoro

The Municipality of Socorro is an Agriculture-Based community. Farming is the main economic activity with 10,698.60 hectares devoted to crop production (Table 5.1). The area planted to forest species decreased from 105.75 has. in 2008 to 92.43 has in 2010. In contrast, the livestock and poultry area increased from 3.5 has in 2008 to 9.1 has in 2010. The total land area devoted to agricultural production is 59.03% of the municipal land area.


Comparative Area Utilization of Significant Agricultural Activities
Activities 2008 2009 2010
Area % Area % Area %
Crop Production 8,550.54 98.67 10,766 99.1 10,591.69 99
Livestock/Poultry 3.5 0.04 4.35 0.04 9.1 0.09
Fishing 5.9 0.07 6.2 0.06 5.375 0.05
Forest Product 105.75 1.22 87.53 0.8 92.43 0.86
Total 8,665.69 100 10,864.08 100 10,698.60 100
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office, 2011

Agricultural Crops

A. Rice Production

Rice production area consist of 2,439 hectares, 82.16% or 2004 has. of which is irrigated and 17.84% or 435 has. is utilized for non-irrigated or rainfed rice production.

Area, Production and Value of Production of Palay, 2011
Rice
Production
Area
(hectares)
% to Total
Land Area
Devoted to
Rice
Production
Production Prod. Market
Total
(MT)
Value of
Production
(P)
Local Export
Irrigated 2004 82.16 15,225.55 190,318.76
Non-Irrigated (Rainfed) 435 17.84 3,044.20 38,072.50
Total 2,439 100 18,269.75 228,391.260
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office

Eighteen (18) of the 26 Barangays in Socorro are producing rice. Of these, Matungao has the highest in terms of hectarage and volume of production, whereas Catiningan has the smallest area and volume of production.

Most farmers practice the semi-mechanized system of rice farming. Land preparations are made using small farm machinery and draft animals. Harvesting is commonly manual, either on per day or “pakyaw” basis. Threshing is done using threshers or sometimes combined harvesting while drying is either sun drying or mechanical drying.

Many farmers cannot afford to buy certified seeds resulting to inferior crop production low yield (3.8MT/ha. on the average). Good thing there is a government seeds subsidy program that greatly helped a lot of farmers. This subsidy program is the Community Seed Banking (CSB) program which is in the form of registered seed serving as multiplier seeds for Irrigator’s Association (IAs).

Area, Yield and Value of Production and No. of Farmers in Palay Production Per Barangay, 2011
Barangay Area Yield(MT) Value of Production (P) No. of Farmers
Irrigated Ranfed Total Irrigated Rainfed Total Irrigated Rainfed Total Irrigated Rainfed Total
Bagsok 170.25 170.25 1,178.14 1,178.14 14,726.75 14,726.75 68 68
Batong 12 12 82.80 82.80 1,035.00 1,035.00 9 9
Bayuin 224.75 224.75 1,708.10 1,708.10 21,351.25 21,351.25 141 141
Bugtong na Tuog
Calocmoy 313.25 313.25 2,380.70 2,380.70 29,758.75 29,758.75 152 152
Calubayan 145.00 145.00 1,102.00 1,102.00 13,775.00 13,775.00 103 103
Catiningan 12.50 12.50 86.24 86.24 1,078.00 1,078.00 6 6
Fortuna 22.00 22.00 195.00 195.0 2,437.50 2,437.50 17 17
Happy Valley
Leuteboro I 383.00 383.00 2,926.12 2,926.12 36,576.50 36,576.50 132 132
Leuteboro II 135.00 135.0 1,034.10 1,034.10 12,926.25 12,926.25 64 64
Ma. Concepcion
Mabuhay I 36.00 36.00 246.24 246.24 3,078.00 3,078.00 33 33
Mabuhay II 34.75 34.75 236.98 236.98 2,962.25 2,962.25 38 38
Malugay 60.00 60.00 458.40 458.40 5,730.00 5,730.00 40 40
Matungao 506.00 506.00 3,896.20 3,896.20 48,702.50 48,702.50 224 224
Monteverde 107.00 107.00 731.88 731.88 9,148.50 9,148.50 75 75
Pasi I 19.00 19.00 129.58 129.58 1,619.75 1,619.75 12 12
Pasi II
Sto. Domingo 128.50 128.50 889.22 889.22 11,135.25 11,135.25 58 58
Subaan 91.00 91.00 691.60 691.60 8,645.00 8,645.00 53 53
Villareal 39.00 39.00 296.40 296.40 3,705.00 3,705.00 25 25
Zone I
Zone II
Zone III
Zone IV
TOTAL 2,004.00 435.00 2,439.00 15,225.50 3,044.20 18,269.70 190,318.75 38,072.50 228,391.25 1,009.00 241.00 1,250.00
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office, 2011

B. Fruit Crop Production

In terms of fruit crop/permanent crop, coconut has the highest hectarage with 2,262.57 has. planted with a production of 7,640.58 MT. Although banana ranked 2nd with 2,145.9 has. it has the highest volume of production with 18,853.98MT (Table 5.1.1B). This fact is attributed to the frequency of harvest cycle. Production of other fruit tree species has become unpredictable due to its seasonality and climate change.

Area (has.) Devoted to Fruit and Industrial Crop Production Per Barangay, 2011
Barangay Fruit/Industrial Crop
TOTAL
Banana Citrus Rambutan Lanzones Durian Mangosteen Mango Guyabano Coconut Abaca
Bagsok 32.58 50.83 1.39 10.75 3.39 0.23 9.00 94.00 211.17
Batong 10.97 5.00 15.25 5.45 0.78 0.43 136.30 174.18
Bayuin 50.22 154.33 19.73 19.26 0.07 16.00 117.09 376.70
Bugtong na Tuog 7.52 3.32 1.65 5.64 0.23 9.25 30.16 2.50 60.27
Calocmoy 16.42 5.21 1.36 3.62 0.39 15.11 112.60 154.71
Calubayan 111.17 150.41 50.78 70.34 0.78 0.70 5.75 42.60 432.53
Catiningan 177.84 33.81 5.00 8.43 128.97 354.05
Fortuna 1,028.60 107.06 140.89 41.31 3.65 9.50 0.30 117.58 12.00 1,460.89
Happy Valley 163.18 13.14 101.75 85.50 2.38 0.05 12.60 1.25 220.89 600.74
Leuteboro I 13.71 2.50 2.39 2.17 8.20 17.31 46.28
Leuteboro II 31.85 15.34 3.63 1.75 2.30 215.49 270.36
Ma. Concepcion 16.42 25.00 34.63 38.74 1.95 23.20 0.78 83.15 223.86
Mabuhay I 52.61 116.21 100.00 100.25 5.23 11.00 30.82 416.12
Mabuhay II 11.10 356.00 32.34 28.50 0.39 23.00 0.67 86.28 538.28
Malugay 125.35 56.00 21.28 71.28 3.98 7.69 16.00 1.03 63.20 365.81
Matungao 63.14 15.24 11.32 39.82 0.15 8.60 200.38 338.65
Monteverde 102.28 340.00 51.56 48.50 0.78 7.26 0.63 100.32 651.33
Pasi I 3.42 34.23 14.25 7.50 0.31 2.53 22.71 84.95
Pasi II 8.72 13.31 11.17 15.25 0.25 1.60 23.79 74.09
Sto. Domingo 18.73 133.25 14.10 37.68 0.97 68.81 273.54
Subaan 12.43 298.00 12.00 58.25 3.46 5.75 0.86 200.49 591.24
Villareal 71.00 30.97 126.14 50.12 0.07 12.30 0.35 120.89 411.84
Zone I 1.00 0.31 0.33 2.00 3.64
Zone II 5.07 4.00 1.00 0.07 4.95 15.09
Zone III 11.57 2.02 0.06 1.00 0.43 21.60 36.68
Zone IV 0.19 0.19
TOTAL 2,145.90 1,966.18 777.97 747.75 29.21 8.67 208.57 5.87 2,262.57 14.50 8,167.19
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office, 2011

Vegetable production areas are generally located in the barangays of Bagsok, Calocmoy, Subaan, Bayuin, Malugay and Villareal (Table 5.1.1C). The species ranges from “Pakbet” type to leafy vegetables (mustard and pechay) along with mongo, sitao, upo and patola. Vegetable produce are commonly sold at neighboring towns of Pinamalayan and Victoria aside from domestic consumption.

Volume of Vegetable Production Per barangay/Vegetable Type (MT), 2011
Barangay Vegetable
Mustard Pechay Eggplant Okra Squash Ampalaya Mongo Sitao Patola Upo
Bagsok 0.638 0.180 0.624 0.150 0.390 0.810 0.080 0.072
Batong 0.360 0.110 0.132 0.036
Bayuin 0.252 0.011 0.510 0.360 0.495 0.550 0.015 0.016
Bugtong na Tuog 0.027 0.026 0.009
Calocmoy 0.242 0.398 0.768 0.126 0.494 0.238 0.683 0.231
Calubayan 0.183 0.080 0.115 0.018 0.243 0.253
Catiningan 0.162 0.313 0.158
Fortuna 0.012 0.052 0.168 0.025 0.013 0.149 0.013
Happy Valley 0.135 0.108
Leuteboro I 0.144 0.452 0.400 0.173
Leuteboro II 0.078 0.204 0.356 0.360 0.020
Ma. Concepcion 0.085 0.032
Mabuhay I 0.182 0.011 0.020
Mabuhay II 0.103
Malugay 0.245 0.420 0.464 0.480 0.245 0.249
Matungao 0.306 0.360 0.314 0.095
Monteverde 0.182 0.248 0.338 0.370 0.076
Pasi I 0.008 0.016 0.011 0.014
Pasi II 0.168 0.064
Sto. Domingo 0.109 0.012 0.034 0.224 0.130
Subaan 0.203 0.271 0.729 0.234 0.422 0.527 0.050 0.336 0.104
Villareal 0.237 0.252 0.754 0.884 0.545 0.061
Zone I
Zone II 0.016
Zone III 0.016
Zone IV
TOTAL 1,899 2,241 4,254 1,787 4,572 4,092 2,206 3,136 0.213 0.289
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office, 2011

D. Rootcrop Production

Scattered and compact planting of rootcrops are found in the rural barangays of the municipality. Mostly grown is gabi while cassava, camote and ubi are grown in some barangays.

Volume of Rootcrops Production Per Barangay (MT), 2011
Barangay Rootcrop TOTAL
Cassava Camote Ubi Gabi
Bagsok .0398 0.398
Batong 7.439 7.439
Bayuin 2.013 0.750 0.056 2.178 4.997
Bugtong na Tuog 9.323 5.250 1.280 21.000 36.853
Calocmoy 1.205 1.205
Calubayan 1.760 1.760
Catiningan 1.056 1.056
Fortuna 1.395 4.050 1.629 7.074
Happy Valley 7.125 2.520 0.395 10.040
Leuteboro I 0.098 0.098
Leuteboro II 7.093 7.093
Ma. Concepcion 10.010 3.900 4.158 6.840 24.908
Mabuhay I 20.340 8.575 28.915
Mabuhay II 5.680 9.000 1.890 9.080 25.650
Malugay 1.286 1.500 1.013 3.799
Matungao 0.565 0.781 1.346
Monteverde 3.000 0.903 3.903
Pasi I 0.863 3.750 7.476 12.089
Pasi II 4.260 5.310 9.57
Sto. Domingo 1.990 0.750 0.128 0.845 3.713
Subaan 30.380 18.900 49.280
Villareal 1.170 1.500 0.255 3.830 7.295
Zone I
Zone II
Zone III
Zone IV
TOTAL 96.940 33.450 10.287 107.804 248.481
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office, 2011

Gabi and cassava have the highest volume of production with 107.804MT and 96.94MT respectively.

Land Area (has.) Devoted to Rootcrops Production Per Barangay, 2011
Barangay Rootcrop TOTAL
Cassava Camote Ubi Gabi
Bagsok 0.10 0.10
Batong 2.15 2.15
Bayuin 0.35 0.25 0.20 0.55 1.35
Bugtong na Tuog 1.65 1.75 0.50 5.25 9.15
Calocmoy 0.33 0.33
Calubayan 0.50 0.50
Catiningan 0.30 0.30
Fortuna 0.25 1.35 0.45 2.05
Happy Valley 1.25 1.00 0.10 2.35
Leuteboro I 0.03 0.03
Leuteboro II 2.05 2.05
Ma. Concepcion 1.75 1.30 1.65 2.00 6.70
Mabuhay I 3.55 2.50 6.05
Mabuhay II 1.00 3.00 0.75 3.00 7.75
Malugay 0.25 0.50 0.30 1.05
Matungao 0.10 0.22 0.32
Monteverde 1.00 0.25 1.25
Pasi I 0.15 1.25 2.10 3.50
Pasi II 0.75 1.50 2.25
Sto. Domingo 0.35 0.25 0.05 0.25 0.90
Subaan 5.35 5.00 10.35
Villareal 0.30 0.50 0.10 1.00 1.90
Zone I
Zone II
Zone III
Zone IV
TOTAL 17.05 11.15 4.25 29.93 62.38
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office, 2011

E. Livestock and Poultry

Table below shows the livestock and poultry farm in the municipality. This consist an aggregate area of 3.25 has. Backyard and commercial piggery farms registered 713 heads while chicken (broiler production) accounted for 550 heads on the backyard scale.

Backyard livestock and poultry can be found in all 26 barangays of the municipality. Drarft animals are common in the upland barangays like wise in the rice producing areas of the municipality.

Hogs are butchered in the municipal slaughterhouse, classified as Class A based on NMIS standard and sold locally while some are being transported to Metro Manila and Pangasinan.

Rising prices of commercial feeds have caused dwindling production of backyard raisers as well as contract growers.

Inventory of Livestock and Poultry Farms, 2011
Name of Farms Location Land Area Occupied
(Has.)
1. Fortunato Lope Piggery Farm Leuteboro I 0.25
2. Cueto Farm Leuteboro I 0.25
3. Ramos Farm Leuteboro I 0.25
4. Premie Magtibay Farm Bagsok 0.25
5. Macandili Farm Catiningan 0.25
6. Romero Farm Calocmoy 0.25
7. Gamez Farm Villareal 0.50
8. Dimayuga Piggery Farm Bayuin 0.25
9. P. Dimayuga Piggery Farm Subaan 0.20
10. Espina Piggery Farm Matungao 0.20
11. Bonquin Piggery Farm Matungao 0.20
12. Bagui Piggery Farm Matungao 0.20
13. Dimaano Piggery Farm Matungao 0.20
TOTAL 3.25
Source: Veterinary Services Unit, 2011

Existing Livestock and Poultry Farms, Year 2011
Type Area **Classifaction Production
***Product Market
No. of Heads Value (M)
*Livestock
1. Piggery Backyard/
Commercial
713 Local/Export
*Poultry
1. Chicken Backyard 550 Local/Export
Source: Veterinary Services Unit, 2011

F. Fishery

Fishing is the main activity in the barangays of Pasi I and Pasi II, likewise along with farming in the Barangays of Batong Dalig, Mabuhay II and Lapog. These Barangays are located partly in the vicinity of Naujan Lake National Park (NLNP) which is considered as the only fishing ground of the municipality. Among the fishes caught at NLNP are goby (“biya” and “palawan”), tilapia, carp, mudfish and gurami. Others are marine fishes such as banak and talakitok, migratory fishes that made their way from Tablas Strait through Butas River in Naujan.

Dried Goby o “tuyong biya” is the One Town One Product (OTOP) of the municipality being only caught at NLNP and is famous for its exotic crispy taste. It is being sold in the market for P550.00 to P600.00 per kilo.

Inland fishery is composed of backyard fishponds with tilapia as the sole commodity. There are 20 barangays in the municipality with backyard fishponds covering a total of 8.5378 has. devoted to tilapia production. As reported by the Municipal Agriculture Office, the total municipal production last 2012 was 11.742MT based on the report of Barangay Food Terminal at Pasi II while inland fishery production was 0.135MT.

Based on Municipal Fisherfolk Registration System, a program launched by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) last 2013, the total number of fisherfolks in the municipality is 448 which include all fisherfolks in the lake barangays and the fishpond operators of the municipality.

In support to conservation and protection of the NLNP, three fish sanctuaries have been established. These were Lapog Fish Sanctuary, Batong Dalig Fish Sanctuary, and Pasi I Fish Sanctuary with a total of approximately 12.6 has. Barangays Mabuhay II and Pasi II will also soon establish their own sanctuary.


Support System

Physical Infrastructure

Support facilities like dryers and storage houses are considered inadequate. This forces the farmers to sell their product fresh and at a lower price. There is an average difference of five pesos per kilo between dried palay and fresh palay.

Agricultural Support Program and Technical Assistance

Several agricultural support program and technical services are provided to the Municipality of Socorro.

The Department of Agriculture thru the Provincial Agriculture Office and Municipal Agriculture Office provides inputs and technical assistance to farmers for crop and livestock production. Seminars/trainings and strengthening of community based organizations are being conducted to further the commitment of farmers to sustainable agriculture. Various forms of loans and other financial assistance are being afforded to farmers.

The LGU thru the support of the DA RFO has conducted Farmers Field School (FFS). Rice farmers were advised not to burn their rice straws and incorporate the use of organic fertilization program. Likewise, it is the farmers’ practice to plant mongo during the fallow period to enhance nitrogen fixation.


Source: Municipal Agriculture Office of Socorro, Oriental Mindoro