AGRI-PROFILE: SAN TEODORO

San Teodoro, Oriental Mindoro

San Teodoro at present is an agricultural town. About 81% of its population is engaged in agriculture and agri-related activities. The town is mostly upland and mountainous; 33% of its population lives in those areas while the rest of the population resides along the coastlines and other flat areas.

The agriculture sector dominates the local economy. There are already sufficient farm to market roads in the municipality due to the relentless effort of the local government to improve transportation infrastructure to facilitate ease in transporting agricultural products. However, problems on the lack of basic services such as potable water system, poor electrical services, communication services, banking services, health services like licensed pharmacies and hospitals and development of tourism and industry, remains. It is also because of these factors why graduates in the municipality do not go back to find employment in San Teodoro because of limited job opportunities.

At present, the local government is engaged in infrastructure projects like the hydroelectric power plant and the establishment of a potable water system. The town’s well-preserved watershed and virgin forests make these projects viable and sustainable. The local government also intends to create a technical vocational school to equip the residents with basic technical expertise and facilitate greater ease for most students that they do not have to go to other cities to pursue tertiary education.

Comparative Agricultural Crop Areas and Production, 2011-2015
Major Crop Area Increase/
Decrease
Volume of Production Increase/
Decrease
Y1
(2011)
Y2
(2015)
Y1
(2011)
Y2
(2015)
Coconut 2,005.30 2,370.40 Increase 1,630.98 tons 1,796.52 tons Increase
Banana 1,888.06 2,015.15 Increase 453,199 tons 483,636 tons Increase
Fruits 892.33 917.33 Increase 2,323.6 tons 2,373.6 tons Increase
Rice 309.10 398.00 Increase 1,159.1 tons 1,455.5 tons Increase
Corn 7.00 10.00 Increase 70 tons 50 tons Increase
Vegetables 2.43 11.50 Increase 22.3 tons 50 tons Increase
Source: Provincial Agriculturist's Office

Existing Major Agricultural Crops by Area, Production and Market, 2015
Major
Crops
Barangay Area Production Product Market
Hectares %
Total
Volume
(MT)
Value
(in million Php)
Local Export
Coconut Bigaan
Calsapa
Calangatan
Lumangbayan
Caagutayan
Poblacion
Ilag
Tacligan
400
240
245
301
287
170
223
280
19
13
11
14
13
8
10
13
1500
900
978.75
1128.75
1076.25
637.50
836.25
1050
37.50
22.50
24.47
28.22
26.91
15.94
20.91
26.25
San Teodoro
Calapan
Quezon
Batangas
Pangasinan
2146 100 8107.50 202.70
Banana Bigaan
Calsapa
Calangatan
Lumangbayan
Caagutayan
Poblacion
Ilag
Tacligan
81
130
91
21
140
5
18
21
16
26
18
4
28
1
4
4
5062.50
8125
5687.50
1312.20
8750
312.50
1125
112.50
202.50
325
227.50
52.50
350
12.50
45
52.50
San Teodoro
Calapan
507 100 31867.50 1267.50
Fruits
(rambutan,
lanzones,
citrus)
Bigaan
Calsapa
Calangatan
Lumangbayan
Caagutayan
Poblacion
Ilag
Tacligan
18.50
26.50
159.61
11.70
37.50
0.50
7.20
14
7
10
58
4
14
0
3
5
102
144.40
886.60
65
208.30
2.80
40
77.80
3.08
5.05
31.03
2.28
7.29
0.10
1.40
2.72
Calapan
Puerto Galera
Manila
275.56 100 1527.70 52.95



Rice
Poblacion
Ilag
Bigaan
Calsapa
Lumangbayan
Calangatan
Tacligan
12
22
77
51
62
55
149
3
5
18
12
14
13
35
44.76
84.92
296.45
204.45
263
209
566.20
6.30
1.19
4.15
2.95
3.70
2.93
7.90
San Teodoro
Calapan
Puerto Galera
428 100 1666.28 29.12

Corn
Bigaan
Caagutayan
Ilag
Calangatan
2
3
.50
.50
33
50
8
8
7
10.50
1.75
1.75
.11
.16
.26
.26
San Teodoro
6 100 21 .79
Vegetables
(eggplant,
okra, string
beans, bitter
gourd)
Bigaan
Calsapa
Calangatan
Lumangbayan
Caagutayan
Poblacion
Ilag
Tacligan
1.65
2.96
.12
.96
1.87
.12
.65
.30
19
43
1
11
22
1
8
3
.05
.10
.01
.04
.07
.01
.04
.03
.01
.05
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01
San Teodoro
Calapan
Puerto Galera
8.63 100 .35 .11
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office

Table shows the area and location of lands devoted to agricultural crop production as well as the total production and value of production per major crop.. The municipality’s area devoted to crop production is 1.5% of the total area of the municipality. Also shown is the average production per hectare for different crops.

The area devoted to agricultural production is 5,722.38. Coconut has the largest area planted, which is 41.42% of the total agricultural land. Banana, which covers 35.22% of the total crop area, has low income because the common pests of the crop affect the quality and quantity of the product. Fruit trees are 16.03%, rice, 6.96%, corn is .17 % and vegetables are .2% of the total crop production area.

The comparative area and volume of production per major crop is shown in Table A. Increase in volume of production is noted from year 1 (2014) to year 2 (2008) because of increase in area planted to the crops. However, although agricultural activities in the area are extensive, the increase in area planted is small because most of the crops planted only compensated for the crops lost and damaged in the past strong typhoons Nona and Nina in years 2014 and 2015.

The area for crop production has a potential of seven thousand (7,000) hectares according to Bureau of Soils survey in 1950’s. Due to “kaingin” activities of the indigenous people, and agro-forest activities of the DENR, this had increased to about ten thousand including upland and highlands in the mountainous parts. This is seen as big potential in increasing crop productivity in the municipality.

Breakdown of Total Crop Production within the Municipality

The value of livestock and poultry production is shown in Table 41. It is seen that the percentage of production value with that of the total agricultural production value is 2.97%. It is mainly backyard. The usual animals raised are cattle, swine, goats, carabaos, chicken, ducks, geese and turkey. The livestock and poultry market distribution are in neighboring provinces of Batangas and Quezon, nearby municipalities like Baco, Calapan and Puerto Galera as well as within the locality. No record for the volume of product for local and other consumptions are available.

Apart from backyard production, there is a commercial piggery or swine production in Barangay Bigaan. A cattle ranch also exists in Barangay Caagutayan, half of the area is located at Puerto Galera. Carabaos are often used as draft animals or sold for cash in cases of need. For goat raising, some are being handled by organizations while most are owned by individuals.

San Teodoro has a growing capability in swine-raising, particularly in Barangay Bigaan, which can significantly augment income for both individuals or groups involved and also the government. If mirrored in other municipalities, massive support in infrastructure is needed. This is essential in ensuring that the expansion of piggeries is adherent to sanitation requirements and will not have any adverse effect on the environment.


Existing Livestock and Poultry Farms, 2015

Type Barangay Area Classification Production Product
Market
Volume Value
(Million Php)
A. Livestock
Swine Bigaan 1.5 Commercial 300 sows
10 boars
2250 fatteners
2000 piglets
5.4
0.21
20.25
4.6
Calapan
Manila
Calabarzon

Local
Tacligan .25 Backyard 15 sows
3 boars
200 fatteners
180 piglets
0.27
0.02
0.09
0.18
Puerto Galera
Batangas
Calapan

Local
Lumangbayan 0.25 Backyard 12 sows
1 boar
80 fattener
180 piglets
0.22
0.02
1.35
0.14
Puerto Galera

Batangas
Calapan

Local
Bigaan,
Calsapa
0.25 Bakyard 19 sows
112 fatteners
100 piglets
0.14
0.02
0.84
0.01
Puerto Galera
Batangas
Calapan

Local
Cattle Caagutaya
8 Barangays
50
25
Backyard
Backyard
35 heads
148 heads
1.08
4.8
Calapan
Puerto Galera
Batangas
Carabao 8 barangays 50 Backyard 600 heads 15.7 Calapan
Puerto Galera
Goat 8 barangays 20 Bakyard 300 heads 0.99
B. Poultry
Chicken 8 Barangays 4.5 Backyard 7,000 broilers 1
Ducks Ilag, Calsapa 0.001 Backyard 150 heads 0.23
Geese Ilag 0.001 Backyard 10 heads 0.05
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office

Existing Agricultural Support Facilities and Services, Year 2015

Post Harvest
Facilities and
Support Services
Location Number Type/Capacity Utilization Remarks (whether
operational, needs
repair, etc.)
Milling Calsapa
Tacligan
Rice Mill Operational
Cold Storage None None but needed
Multi-purpose
Drying
Pavement
Tacligan
Bigaan
Calsapa
Lumangbayan
1
1
1
1
Solar Drier
Solar Drier
Solar Drier
Solar Drier
Operational
Operational
Operational
Operational
Flat bed Dryer Bigaan 1 Flat bed Dryer Operational
Market Center Poblacion 1 Needs Expansion
Warehouse Poblacion Private Ownership
Fish Processing Lumangbayan
Tacligan
Ilag
1
1
1
TOTAL 15
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office

Table D shows the existing agricultural support facilities. The post harvest facilities are rice mills, multi-purpose drying pavement used as solar driers, and fish processing establishments owned by government-supported group and private individuals.

The government also intends to acquire cold storage and “Trading Centers” for vegetable and meat products. The cold storage will be of primary importance for milk production when enough milking breed of ruminants are available. The “Trading Centers” will be especially helpful for small-scale farmers where they have a venue to bring their products directly to the consumers and buyers thereby eliminating the middlemen.


Major and Minor Agricultural Occupations / Groups in Urban and Rural Area, 2015



Major and Minor Occupation Groups




Location




Urban


Rural Total
Farmers Municipal Wide 912 912
Crop Farmers 349 349
Orchard Farmers 322 322
Farm Workers 433 433
Fishermen 1000 1000
Livestock 32 32
Poultry Farmers 69 69
Aqua-farm Cultivators 20 20
Inland 33 33
TOTAL 3,170 3,170
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office

The number of full time farmers in the municipality is 35% of the total household. These farmers own the land that they tend. Crop farmers and orchard farmers belong to this category. The farm workers are categorized as farm laborers, because they are paid for farm labor like clearing fields, weeding, planting and other farm activities in the farm that require labor.

Since San Teodoro is a coastal town, a significant number of its residents are engaged in fishing. The number of fishermen is comparable to the number of residents involved in farming activities. Table 46 shows the major and minor agricultural occupations in San Teodoro.

Source: Municipal Agriculture Office of San Teodoro, Oriental Mindoro