About 65 percent or 10,501.426 hectares of Pola’s total land area are devoted to agriculture. Coconut is the major agricultural crop occupying 4,500 hectares distributed in all barangays. Banana is the second predominant crop planted in all barangays. There are 1,065 hectares of irrigated rice planted by 582 farmers in 13 barangays and 350 hectares of non-irrigated rainfed) rice planted by 280 farmers in other barangays. The municipality is also a major producer of high value crops, citrus, fruit trees and vegetables. Table below shows the area coverage and average production of major agricultural crops.
|Major Crops||Area||Production||Product Market|
City & Manila
|5. Other HVC,
|Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office|
The current farming practices consist of several components. Farming management practices varies for individual crops. Cropping systems consist of interrelated activities in the farm which involve the quality of land, crops planted, livestock raised, climate or weather condition and availability of water supply.
The types of cropping system are the following:
1. Mono-cropping – growing of single type of crop on a piece of land on an annual basis like palay, coconut and citrus.
2. Intercropping – growing of two types of crops simultaneously on the same piece of land. Farmers have a base crop like coconut intercrop with banana or any other crops planted in between rows of the main crop. The main objective of intercropping is to maximize the use of land for higher production and stability of farmer’s income.
3. Mixed cropping system – a common practice of farmers in one backyard. It is the growing of two or more crops intermingled without any row pattern. The objective is to meet per capita requirements for vegetables and other crops. The system is also popularly known as subsistence farming.
4. Integrated farming – it is a method of integrating major permanent crops like fruit trees/HVCC with vegetables/roots crops, poultry and livestock and inland fishery for sustainability. It is the intensification of cropping in time and space dimension. Through integrated farming, forage grasses were planted to serve as feeds for small and large ruminants. Farmers allow livestock to graze the land reducing labor cost on grass cutting, in turn the excreta of these animals serve as fertilizer for some crops. When livestock and crops attain a certain level of growth, they were marketed providing additional income for farmers. This practice is considered as sustainable agriculture aimed at meeting the needs of the present generation without endangering and damaging the resource base of the future generation. It is also known as organic or natural farming considered as low input but highly productive system. Organic matter like animals’ and plants wastes serve as the main source of fertilizer. Table 5.2 below shows the different farming techniques in different barangays.
|Buhay na Tubig||20||649||6||0|
|Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office|
About 75 percent of the total rice area of Pola is irrigated while 25 percent are non-irrigated. Table 5.1 shows that Pola produced 6,725 metric tons of Palay. Rice production performance in the municipality is satisfactory with an average productivity of 4.75 metric tons per hectare per annum. There are five major rice producing barangays- Maluanluan, Casiligan, Biga, Pula and Panikihan representing 70 percent of the total irrigated areas.
Most of the farmers in Pola practice semi-mechanized farming in the land preparation of rice field using carabao drawn plough and hand tractors. Trans planting of rice seedlings and harvesting are done manually. Post-harvest facilities are limited and palay drying in basketball courts, roads and vacant lots are common during harvest season.
• Permanent and High Value Crops (HVC)
Approximately 9,086.43 hectares were devoted to permanent and High Value Crops (HVC). Of these, coconut occupied the biggest area equivalent to42.85percent followed by banana (24%), citrus (13.41%) and other high value crops – oranges, rambutan, lanzones, durian, mango and coffee 6.26%.
For the year 2015, banana production is 25,200 metric tons, followed by coconut at 9,000 metric tons, citrus at 5,632 metric tons and other high value crops (HVC) at 1,465.
The common methods of coconut harvesting and drying are still being practiced by the farmers in upland and lowland areas. Coconut is being harvested in practical ways through climbing and using bamboo pole with bladed gadgets. Copra drying is done either by flatbed smoking and sun drying.
Harvesting of banana, citrus and high value crops are done manually with the aid of improvised bamboo ladders.
Existing Major Agricultural Crops by Area
Farming Techniques in Different Barangays
Municipal Agriculturist: Russel B. Tan
PAgO Trains Farmers, Students Develop Climate Resilient Farms
PAgO Conducts Training on Postharvest Handling of High Value Commercial Crops
Sta. Cruz, Naujan Fisherfolks Receive Fishery Inputs from PGOrM
OrMin Rice Farmers Receive High Quality Seeds for WS Cropping
MPAs working for Biodiversity-Friendly Enterprise
Farmers Learn Climate Adaptive Soil Management Practices
PAgO Conducts Forum on Product Packaging, Labelling and Food Safety of Banana and Other Emerging Products
PAgO Conducts Training on Rice Milling Operations and Maintenance
CAPE Boosts Province’s Banner Commodities Production
PGORM-PAgO Led ICM Planning Workshop for LGU’s
PAgO Staff Undergo Training On Banana Tissue Culture Production