Oriental Mindoro is endowed with abundant and rich agricultural base. It is dubbed as the Rice Granary of the MIMAROPA, accounting to 35% of the rice production in the region and ranks 14th in the country (PSA, 2019). It is the Calamansi King of the country, producing more than 41% of national production and 98% of the regional production (PSA, 2019). It is the Banana King of the Region contributing to 60% to the regional production, ranking 19th in Saba production and 18th in Lakatan production in the country (PSA, 2019). Another major commodity is coconut planted to 32,514 hectares producing 78,493 MT (PSA, 2019). The province is also hailed as the Food Basket of MIMAROPA, producing a wide array of high-value tropical fruits like lansones, rambutan, mango, mangosteen, durian, marang, and more.
In 2019, the province produced 339,388.71 metric tons (MT) of high value commercial crops; 31,268.90 MT vegetables; 3,609.30 MT corn; and 420,002 MT rice (PSA, 2019). It shows that agriculture remains to be the backbone of province’s economy. Oriental Mindoro has a total population of 908, 339 based on the 2020 census of population by the Philippine Statistics Authority, with growth rate of 1.46% per year (PSA, 2019). Approximately 62% of its households depend on farming and fishing for their livelihood. Poverty incidence among the basic sectors in the country had shown that the farmers are among the poorest segments and that 28.9% of farmers are poor (PSA, 2018).
The Agriculture Industry of Oriental Mindoro is managed by the Provincial Agriculturist’s Office headed by Provincial Agriculturist, Ms. Christine M. Pine. The office is comprised of one (1) unit and three (3) divisions namely: Administrative Unit, Agro-Technology Resources Management Division, Fishery, Coastal Marine & Inland Water Resources Management Division and the Technical Support Services Division. The latter maintains and operates the following stations: Provincial Demonstration Farm in Merit, Victoria and the Soils Laboratory, Pest Clinic and Farmers Information and Technology Services Center at Calapan City
In 2021 the Provincial Agriculture Office implemented various projects under the Rice Production Enhancement Program to sustain rice self-sufficiency in the province and contribute to the food sufficiency program of the National Government. Total rice production of the province for 2021 was recorded at 575,274.21 MT which is equivalent to 6,233,671 bags of milled rice valued at PhP 12,467,342,000 from 116,379.52 hectares of effective harvestable area. Rice productivity was recorded at an average of 4.94 MT/ha.
|MUNICIPALITY||PRODUCTION (MT)||Ave. Yield
Corn (Zea mays) ranks second as the most planted crop in the Philippines next to rice. There are two general types of corn cultivated in the province; white corn, a good substitute for rice and yellow corn, a major component of feeds for livestock and poultry and also a source of raw materials for the manufacturing sector.
To intensify corn production in the province, the Provincial Agriculturist Office had distributed 140 bags of Open-Pollinated Variety (OPV) Lagkitan corn seeds and 100 packs of 1-kilogram packs sweet corn seeds. While an additional of 250 packs of 1-kg sweet corn seeds funded from Local Government Support Fund (LGSF) and COVID- Recovery Plan were distributed to 195 corn farmers, IPs and communities under EO No. 7 (whole nation approach/ poverty reduction towards armed conflict communities).
In collaboration with the Department of Agriculture (DA) MIMAROPA, 300 bags of Hybrid Corn seeds and 150 bags of Open Pollinated Variety (OPV) were distributed to 610 individual farmers.
To capacitate the corn farmers, technical briefing on corn and cassava were held in the municipalities of (1) Pola, (1) Mansalay and (2) Bulalacao with 200 corn and cassava farmers participants. This activity intends to provide farmers with the knowledge on corn and cassava production. Furthermore, a Farmer Field School (FFS) for Corn and Farmer Scientist Training Program was conducted in Naujan in collaboration with ATI-MIMAROPA and LGUs.
This year, the aggregate area planted to yellow corn is 1,114.90 hectares with a total area harvested of about 1,042.40 hectares. The total corn production is about 4,529.29 MT with an average yield of 4.35 MT/ha. Total area for white corn production is about 367.50 hectares with a total area harvested of 362.45 hectares, yielding 1,025.47 MT and an average productivity of 2.83 MT/ha.
|MUNICIPALITY||YELLOW CORN||WHITE CORN||TOTAL|
|Area Planted (Ha)||Area Harvested (Ha)||Prod’n (MT)||Yield (MT/ha)||Area Planted (Ha)||Area Harvested (Ha)||Prod’n (MT)||Yield (MT/ha)||Area Planted (Ha)||Area Harvested (Ha)||Prod’n (MT)||Yield (MT/ha)|
For 2021, the over-all corn production in the province is 5,554.75 MT with a total harvested area of 1,404.85 hectares and an average yield of 3.95 MT/ha. Bulalacao is the top corn producing municipality with a total production of 2,843.35 metric tons. The municipalities of Gloria and Bansud are other top producing areas at 712 MT and 664 MT respectively. The remaining municipalities recorded a production of lower than 500 MT.
In partnership with DA-MIMAROPA under its Regional Corn Program, PAGO was able to secure one (1) unit of four-wheel tractor, three (3) units of shallow tube well, one (1) unit of corn sheller, and one (1) unit of hammermill which were awarded to six (6) corn farmer associations in the municipalities of Bulalacao, Naujan and Bansud.
While cassava is not intensively produced in the province in terms of areas planted, the Provincial Agriculturist’s Office however included this crop as one of its focus commodity due to its significance as an alternative crop especially in the upland communities and also its potential for value addition.
In collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, amidst the Covid-19 pandemic, a Cassava and Corn Techno Briefing was conducted in the municipalities of Pola, Mansalay, Bulalacao, San Teodoro, Naujan and Victoria with a total of 200 farmers and AEW.
For 2021, 591.5 hectares were devoted to cassava production these are located in the municipalities of Gloria, Naujan, Victoria and Puerto Galera. About 50 hectares had been harvested so far with a reported total production of 207.49 MT.
Office Adress: Capitol Complex, Camilmil, Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro
Phone: (043)288-2282 | (043) 286-7791 | (043) 286-7112 (043) 286-2637 (043) 286-2644
Agri-Infohub is a platform that aims to reach farmers at the grassroots level more effectively connecting farmers to better market leads and facilitate their access to technological information, counselling, training, storage, transportation, seeds and farm inputs. This will also help facilitate utilization of the numerous R&D outputs developed by research and academic institutions that had long been shelved and rendered inaccessible to farmers, women and youth engaged in agriculture.