AGRI-PROFILE: MANSALAY

Mansalay, Oriental Mindoro

Mansalay aims to strengthen its agricultural and fishery production being a traditional agriculture area. Farming and fishing are the primary form of living in the community.


Agricultural Production and Land Utilization

A total of 2, 519.699668 hectares of agricultural lands in the municipality is devoted to rice production. This accounts to 15 percent of the total agricultural area of the municipality. Areas provided with irrigation cover 740.887048 hectares while the remaining is rain-fed. Irrigation facilities in the municipality are provided by the National Irrigation Administration (NIA), Department of Agriculture (DA), and LGU-Mansalay.


Crop Production and Land Utilization by Type

The major crops produced in the municipality are composed of rice, corn, coconut, banana and cassava/rootcrop. The average rice production for the year 2015 was placed at 4.86 metric tons per hectare. On the other hand, the average yields for corn accounts to 4.5 metric tons per hectare. Table below would show crop production data and the product market for the year 2015. All of the barangays in the municipality are rice-producing barangays. Other produce are vegetables, rootcrops, and other cash crops. Indian mango, lanzones, guava and atis is a diminishing variety of indigenous fruits in the municipality because of scarce market.

Existing Major Agricultural Crops By Area, Production And Market, 2015
MAJOR CROPS AREA PRODUCTION PRODUCT MARKET
Hectares Volume Value Local Export/Other Areas
RICE
- Irrigated 740.887048 9,136.5 16/kg Mansalay/
Roxas
Manila
CALABARZON
- Rainfed 1,778.81262 2,384.7 16/kg
CORN* 3.094485 1,575 12/kg Within Oriental
Mindoro
COCONUT 335.031797
BANANA 2.00649 1,160
CASSAVA 5.93297 135
Source: GIS Team/Existing Land Use
*Intercroppped wiith rice during dry season
Comparative Agricultural Production, 2014-2015
MAJOR
CROPS
VOLUME OF PRODUCTION
2014 2015 Increase/
Decrease
RICE 11,989.9 11,521.2 Decrease
CORN 1,417.5 1,575 Increase
BANANA 1,560 1,160 Decrease
CASSAVA 135 225 Increase
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office (2016)
Major & Minor Agricultural Occupational Groups In Urban And Rural Areas, 2015
MAJOR AND MINOR
OCCUPATION GROUPS
LOCATION URBAN RURAL TOTAL
Farmers 16 Barangays 388 1,478 1,876
Poultry Farmers 15 32 47
Goat Producers Panaytayan - 320 320
Aqua-Farm Cultivators Sta.Brigida
B. Del Mundo
Wasig
Don Pedro
Manaul
Budburan
20 49 69
Fishermen 8 Coastal
Barangays
20 50 70
TOTAL 443 1,929 2,382
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office (2016)

In terms of agrarian related concerns there is approximately 1, 245 hectares of agrarian reforms areas in the municipality (Barangay Sta. Brigida, Balugo, Sta. Maria), and 447 agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs). All barangays have CARPable lands. Table 5.1.1.1.4 would indicate that there are 1, 692 total number of agrarian beneficiaries in Mansalay.

Agrarian Related Concerns, 2015
CONCERNS LOCATION AREA
(ha)
NO. OF FARMER
BENEFICIARIES
A. CARPABLE LANDS Municipal Wide
1. Covered -do- 4,215 1,235
2. To be Covered -do- 11 10
B. AGRARIAN REFORM
COMMUNITIES (ARCs)
Sta. Brigida
Balugo
Sta. Maria
1,245 447
TOTAL 5,471 1,692
Source: DAR - Mansalay (2016)

Livestock and Poultry Production

Mansalay has a number of livestock and poultry productions which is mostly of backyard type. Large animals are generally sold directly to consumers with other buyers consisting of traders and middlemen. In some cases, major market centers serve as venue to distribute the animals. Chicken has the highest number of farm animals distributed in the area as of 2012. Unfortunately, no latest animal inventory is available.

Animal Inventory, 2012

BARANGAY

HH CHICKEN DUCK SWINE CATTLE
CARABAO

GOAT

HORSE
B. del Mundo 1,355 4,065 25 325 95 25 125 3
Balugo 374 1,870 1,000 75 75 33 147 5
Bonbon 321 16,051 60 80 85 50 135 -
Budburan 243 1,215 20 175 85 63 345 -
Cabalwa 217 868 10 30 31 4 195 -
Don Pedro 484 2,420 35 55 43 21 875 4
Maliwanag 323 1,936 50 45 59 27 137 -
Manaul 650 2,600 50 100 57 23 135 2
Panaytayan 1,300 3,900 - 135 675 175 1,642 37
Poblacion 685 1,370 20 85 12 1 15 -
Roma 320 1,600 35 125 180 52 131 4
Sta. Brigida 354 1,416 50 85 57 19 10 -
Sta. Maria 352 1,760 1.000 80 110 57 35 -
Teresita 882 2,646 25 2,210 175 47 435 -
Villa Celestial 378 1,890 100 85 22 15 27 -
Wasig 444 1,776 25 50 74 27 34 2
Waygan 230 1,150 50 65 52 18 117 -
TOTAL 8,912 34,087 2,555 3,805 1,887 657 4,540 57
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office (2016)

Fisheries and Aquaculture

Fishing is a way of life in Mansalay obviously because eight (8) of its 17 barangays are coastal communities. Mansalay municipal waters cover approximately 33, 000 hectares of marine area; 170 hectares of brackish water; 54.65 kilometers of rivers/creeks, and 268 hectares of marine protected areas (MPA).

The fishing industry has three sub-sectors: (1) marine fisheries, (2) rivers and (3) fish ponds. For marine fisheries, the tuna industry has the highest fish catch and for those cultured species, the milk fish and tilapia production has a potential.

Fish catches from the municipal waters include galunggong, alumahan, matambaka, dilis, pusit, amarilis, hiwas, manamsi and tulingan, squid, crabs and even octopus. Milk fish, tilapia and shrimps are the cultured species grown in fishponds. Fishponds located in B. Del Mundo are assumed to have the largest production since it has the largest coverage—92 hectares.


Existing Fishing Grounds And Aquaculture Production, 2014-2015
FISHING
GROUNDS
BARANGAY PRODUCTION PRODUCT MARKET
Volume(MT) Value in Pesos Local Export/
Other
Market
2014 2016 2014 2015
Municipal
Waters
B. Del Mundo 10.712 9.9 10,712,000.00 9,900,000.00 Mansalay,
Roxas,
Manila
None
Budburan
Cabalwa
Don Pedro
Manaul
Poblacion
Sta. Brigida
Wasig
Fish
Ponds/
Brackish
Water
B. Del Mundo Mansalay
& Roxas
None
Budburan
Manaul
Sta. Brigida
Sta. Teresita
Wasig
TOTAL 20.612 20,612,000.00
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office (2016)

Forest Production

Mansalay have production forests that are devoted mainly for the production of forest products and other services. These are forestlands, not classified as protection forests, which include agro-forests, timber production and watershed areas. The areas for forest production are below 500 meters above sea level. For timber production, the areas are under the National Greening Program (NGP) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). The total watershed area is 30, 764 hectares. On the other hand, the Existing Land Use contain the land area covered by protection and protection forests. The table below shows the location and the area of forest lands for both production and protection forests.

One of the big issues in forest production is the absence of record to show area and production within forestland in the municipality. This is a big challenge for LGU Mansalay to create mechanisms for such purposes. On the other hand, there are no forest concessionaires identified in the municipality.


Support Systems

Physical Infrastructure

The municipality has irrigation facilities constructed and established with the assistance of the National Irrigation Administration (NIA), the local government unit (LGU Mansalay), and the Irrigator’s Association (IAs). Other support infrastructure for agriculture are privately-owned milling facilities, multi-purpose drying pavements and flatbed dryers, market facilities, warehouses, and farm to market roads. Refer to the list in the table below.

Agricultural facilities and services, though available, has to be further enhanced and should be distributed municipal-wide, this is in consideration of the municipality’s huge agricultural area. Roads and transport are critical facilities because it affects the quality of products, such as the probability of spoilage will increase. To a large extent, roads and transport will directly affect the price of agricultural products.

Existing Agricultural Facilities And Services
POST HARVEST
FACILITIES AND
SUPPORT
FACILITIES
LOCATION NO. TYPE/
CAPACITY
PERCENT
UTILIZATION
REMARKS
MILLING Sta. Teresita 2 Semi-concrete 40-60% Operational and
Non-operational
Don Pedro 1
Balugo 2
Manaul 1
Sta. Maria 1
Sta. Brigida 2
B. del Mundo 2
Wasig 1
Villa Celestial 1
MULTI-PURPOSE
DRYING
PAVEMENT
Villa Celestial 1 50-80 cavs. 100% Operational
Roma 1 50-80 cavs. 100% Operational
Sta. Teresita 1 50-80 cavs. 100% Operational
Don Pedro 1 50-80 cavs. 100% Operational
Manaul 1 50-80 cavs. 100% Operational
Waygan 1 50-80 cavs. 100% Operational
FLATBED DRYER Sta. Teresita 1 80 cavs. 100% Operational
Balugo 1 80 cavs. 100% Operational
Roma 1 80 cavs. 100% Operational


MARKET
CENTERS
Poblacion 1 Public Market 100% Operational
B. del Mundo 1 Talipapa 100% Operational
Balugo 1 Bagsakan 0% Not yet Operational
WAREHOUSE Don Pedro 1 400 cavs. 100% Operational
OTHERS:
Fish Storage
Teresita 2 No data 100% Operational
Source: Municipal Agriculturist's Office(2016)

Credit And Finance

Mansalay has one rural bank (Banco Alabang, Inc.) and four microfinance institutions located in Poblacion, Sta. Teresita and Villa Celestial offering credit and financial services to Mansaleños. The microfinance establishments comprise of Card Bank Incorporated, Lifebank Foundation Incorporated, Mansalay Agriculture and Fisheries Development Cooperative (MAFDECO) and Taytay sa Kauswagan.

Cardbank, Lifebank and MAFDECO provide agricultural, emergency, educational, and housing loans. Cardbank is the most used credit agency in the municipality. Some of the agriculture-related associations in the municipality that benefit from different agricultural and production loans o there financial institutions include Pantalan Fishermen Association, Budburan Farmers, Fishermen and Laborer Association (BUFFAL), Cagulong Farmers and Fisherfolks Association Thrust and Integrated Development Inc. (CAFFATID), Budburan Fisherman and Farm Workers Association, Maliwanag Farmers Association, MLCW, Samahan ng mga Kristiano at Hanunuo sa Patubig, Mansalay Farm Labor Association (MFLA), Samahang Pangkabuhayan sa Sitio Lamak (SAPILAK), Mansalay Corn-based Farmer’s Scientist Association, Lumunan sa Barangay Panaytayan, Samahang Magpapatubig ng Mansalay Inc., Sinariri Indigenous Cultural Community Association for Development (SICCAD), Waygan United Farmer’s Assocaition, Teresita Farmer’s Association, and Wasig Communal Irrigation Association.


Agricultural And Forest Support Program And Technical Assistance

Agricultural and Forest Support Program and Technical Assistance Agricultural and forest programs, projects and activities funded in year 2016 are listed in Table below. There are also national programs from the DA and DENR which are being implemented by LGU Sablayan such as Agri-Pinoy Program, Food Self Sufficiency Program (FSSP), and National Greening Program (NGP). Aside from these, Mansalay is also implementing forest programs like mangrove rehabilitation in cooperation with the DENR, CI, and BFAR Region IV-B.


Source: Municipal Agriculture Office of Mansalay, Oriental Mindoro