AGRI-PROFILE: BULALACAO

Bulalacao, Oriental Mindoro

Bulalacao, officially the Municipality of Bulalacao, (formerly known as San Pedro[4]), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 39,107 people.





Production and Land Utilization by type

The total agricultural land in Bulalacao is 10, 325.80 hectares. The area devoted to rice has an approximate area of 2, 248 hectares which accounts to 21.77 percent of the total agricultural area of the municipality (Table 5.1.1.1.1). There are three barangays with communal irrigation system with has a total of 4 hectares service area—Cambunang, Maujao, Nasucob.


Major Agricultural Crops by Area and Production

Existing Major Agricultural Crops By Area, Production And Market, 2015
MAJOR CROPS AREA PRODUCTION PRODUCT MARKET
Hectares % Volume Value Local Export/Other
Areas
1.Rice
-Irrigated 9.25 20.59 8,492.4 ₱15/kg Oriental
Mindoro
Romblon
-Rainfed 1,097 24.41
-Upland 226 5.03 None
2. Corn 405 9.02 895.05 ₱12/kg Batangas
3. Banana 1,839.5 40.95 13,796.15 ₱25/kg
TOTAL 4492.5 100
Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

Comparative agricultural crop areas and production for the years 2014 and 2015 are shown in Table 5.1.1.1.2. The minimal increases in agricultural production areas and the volume of production were brought about by the provision of support infrastructure that require lands such as roads and drying pavements and the conversion of lands.

Existing Major Agricultural Crops By Area, Production And Market, 2015
MAJOR CROPS AREA VOLUME OF PRODUCTION
2014 2015 Increase/
Decrease
2014 2015 Increase/
Decrease
Rice 1,260 2,248 Increase 5,292 9,441.6 Increase
Corn 405 405 Same 850.5 895.05 Increase
Banana 1,600 1,839.5 Increase 12,187.5 13,795.15 Increase
Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

Major and minor agricultural occupations or groups are concentrated in the rural areas than the urban barangays. The most number of workers are those involved in livestock raising posting about 2, 200 persons, followed by fishermen with 2, 100. There are approximately 6,016 registered individuals employed in the agricultural sector.

Major And Minor Agricultural Occupations/groups In Urban And Rural Areas, 2015
MAJOR AND MINOR
OCCUPATION GROUPS
LOCATION TOTAL
FARMERS
Crop Farmers All Barangays 1,711
Poultry Farmers 5
Livestock Farmers 2,200
FISHERMEN 8 Coastal
Barangays
2,100
TOTAL 6,016
Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

In terms of agrarian related concerns there are four barangays classified as agrarian reform communities (ARC): San Roque, Cambunang, Nasucob, Balatasan, San Juan. Given below is the respective coverage of these ARC communities.

Agrarian Related Concerns, 2015
CONCERNS LOCATION SCOPE
(ha)
PROBLEMATIC
(ha)
ACCOMPLISHMENT
(ha)
BALANCE
(ha)
NO. OF FARMER
BENEFICIARIES
1. CARPable
LANDS/
AGRARIAN
REFORM
COMMUNITIES
Balatasan 502 48 324 132 218
San Juan 821 26 736 64 445
Nasucob 242 14 206 25 153
Cambunang 224 20 175 31 128
Source: MARO

The ARC has a combined total CARP scope of 1, 798 hectares. The recent data is as of September 30, 2009 where the total cumulative accomplishment is placed at 1, 441 hectares, benefitting 954 ARBs. This data still holds true for the year 2015.


Livestock and Poultry Production

Bulalacao used to be known figure as supplier of large cattle in the province and in nearby provinces as Occidental Mindoro, Batangasand Antique. In the early 80‘s when the peace and order situation of the municipality worsened, the production of large cattle decreased.There were six (6) ranches for cattle and goat producing significant number of livestock on commercial scale before. Backyard livestock farming became an alternative livelihood activity to livestock farmers. These agricultural activities augment the income on crops. Farmers prefer raising of swine, goat and native chicken. Broiler raising is also being tried for backyard production. However, cost of production is high because of the high cost of feeds coming from Roxas and nearby towns.

However, in the recent years, when peace and order situation was contained, livestock raising become active and profitable again. Table below indicates the livestock and poultry production for the year 2015.

Livestock And Poultry Production, 2015
BARANGAY CATTLE CARABAO HORSE GOAT CHICKEN
NO. OF
HEADS
DUCK
NO. OF
HEADS
TURKEY
NO. OF
HEADS
SWINE
NO. OF
HEADS
M F M F M F M F
BAGONG SIKAT 61 142 55 114 8 8 175 320 1878 43 4 320
BALATASAN 16 34 9 28 1 1 45 123 517 6 3 12
BENLI 160 903 106 172 15 26 308 853 2002 16 10 15
CABUGAO 2 8 36 77 1 17 37 77 858 0 5 118
CAMBUNANG 23 63 19 23 1 0 52 67 1300 10 0 235
CAMPAASAN 29 21 42 88 3 6 78 145 727 52 22 235
MAASIN 5 14 0 0 0 0 23 45 138 4 0 0
MAUJAO 21 342 43 124 0 3 35 258 2164 18 0 317
MILAGROSA 4 7 22 50 0 0 38 120 2600 141 1 147
NASUCOB 170 250 77 105 11 21 35 153 292 49 34 98
POBLACION 7 15 14 26 4 10 47 110 421 63 10 119
SAN FRANCISCO 2 24 27 67 0 2 22 183 872 17 45 104
SAN ISIDRO 7 24 28 31 0 1 89 121 464 10 0 83
SAN JUAN 15 120 50 78 0 2 150 174 609 16 61 237
SAN ROQUE 63 196 17 141 3 41 102 464 557 10 5 534
TOTAL 583 2,163 545 1,124 47 138 1,236 3,213 15,399 455 170 2,594
Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office


Fisheries and Aquaculture

Fishing is considered a major economic activity in Bulalacao it being a coastal municipality. Its marine and fishery resources are bundant providing Mindoro Island and the neighboring provinces supply of tuna, mackerel, cavalla, grouper, snapper, anchovies and roundscod. Among the minor fish products are slipmouth, moonfish, nemeptherid, caesio, milkfish, flying fish, mullet. Other sea products are sea cucumber, seeweeds, shells, oyster, lobster, shrimps ans sea urchins and giant clams.

The major fishing grounds in Bulalacao are the Bulalacao Bay, Tablas Strait, Maasin Point, Target Island, Suguicay Bay and Buyayao Island. Municipal waters cover an approximate of 59, 200 hectares.

There are about 2,100 fishing families. Their fishing gears include ring net, gill net, hook and line, beach seine, long line and fish corral, these fishermen are aided with 1,300 fishing boats, 600 motorized & non-motorized boats. There are 48 fishermen licensed to engaged in commercial fishing with 8 fishing vessels. Fishing gears used are purse seine (pangulong), ring net (babay purse seine) and basnig. Annual production is 300 M.T.

EXISTING FISHING GROUNDS AND AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION, 2015
FISHING GROUNDS BARANGAY TYPE AREA
(ha)
PRODUCTION PRODUCT MARKET
Volume
(MT)
Value in
Pesos
Local Export/Other
Market
Municipal Waters Municipal-wide Sustenance
Fishing
59,200 300 ₱12,000,000.00 Oriental Mindoro
Municipalities
Manila
Cavite
Commercial
Fishing
924 ₱36,960,000.00
Fish Ponds Poblacion Brackish
water
394 120 ₱12,000,000.00
Seaweeds Farming Maasin
Milagrosa
Balatasan
San Francisco
Seaweeds 270 775 ₱4,650,000.00
TOTAL 59,864 2,119 ₱65,610,000.00
Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

Fish landing is at Riverside, Poblacion. The fish port is constructed at Caw-ayan, Poblacion, half kilometers away from the heart of the commercial area.

A new acquired technology in seaweeds farming was introduced by the Municipal Agricultural Office. These are located in Maasin, Milagrosa, San Francisco amd Balatasan. Annual Production is estimated at 775 M.T.

Inland fishery resources are also found in Bulalacao. A total of 394 hectares are brackish water fishponds, a 250 hectares of which are privately owned. There are 8 operators. They use traditional & semi-intensive methods of fishing. Among the species they raise are milkfish, sugpo (prawn), lapu-lapu (grouper) and mud crab. Production ranges from 2 to 2.5 metric tons/harvest.

Forest Production

Production forests have a total portion of 56.17 hectares. Illegal cutting of trees, kaingin farming and unregulated charcoal making have remained the major causes of deforestation in the area.

Mangrove areas are found in barangays San Juan (48.73 hectares), Poblacion (142.47 hectares), Balatasan (7.63 hectares), Milagrosa (37.62 hectares), and San Roque (Soguicay Island with 24.73 hectares; Libtong with 4.59 hectares; Bar-aw with 10.54 hectares; Buyayao with 2.03 hectares) with a total of 278.35 hectares.

Area And Location Of Forestlands By Sub-category And Primary Use, 2015
CATEGORY LOCATION AREA IN
HECTARES
%
A. PRODUCTION FORESTS 56.17 16.79
B. PRODUCTION FORESTS (Mangroves) Poblacion
San Juan
Balatasan
San Roque
278.33 83.21
TOTAL 334.45 100
Source: Municipal Planning and Development Office/GIS Team

Support Systems

Physical Infrastructure

The municipality‘s other support infrastructure for agriculture are milling facilities, ice plant, multi-purpose drying pavements, market facilities, warehouses, and farm to market roads. Refer to the list in Table 5.1.3.1.

Agricultural facilities and services, though available, has to be further enhanced and should be distributed municipal-wide, this is in consideration of the municipality‘s huge agricultural area. Roads and transport are critical facilities because it affects the quality of products, such as the probability of spoilage will increase. To a large extent, roads and transport will directly affect the price of agricultural products. There are other pending establishments of some of these facilities like the onion hangers in Cabugao and Nasucob and the village-type corn dryer in Campaasan.

POST HARVEST
FACILITIES
AND SUPPORT
FACILITIES
LOCATION NO. TYPE/
CAPACITY
PERCENT
UTILIZATION
REMARKS
MILLING Cambunang 2 50 cavs. 100 Functional
Campasan 2 30 cavs./unit 100 Functional
Maujao 6 30 cavs./unit 100 Functional
Bagong Sikat 2 30 cavs./unit
Nasucob 1 30 cavs./unit 100 Functional
San Francisco 1 30 cavs./unit
Cabugao 2
Milagrosa 1
San Juan 2 30 cavs. 100 Functional
ONION HANGER Cambunang 1 100 Functional
Maujao 1
MULTI-PURPOSE
DRYING
PAVEMENT
Bagong Sikat 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Balatasan 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Benli 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Cabugao 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Cambunang 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Campaasan 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Maasin 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Maujao 2 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Milagrosa 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Nasucob 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
Poblacion 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
San Francisco 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
San Isidro 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
San Juan 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
San Roque 1 120 cavs. 100 Functional
FLATBED DRYER Nasucob 1 Rice 100 Functional
Cambunang 1 Rice 100 Functional
Maujao 1 Rice 100 Functional
VILLAGE-TYPE
CORN DRYER
Campaasan 1 To be operational


MARKET
CENTERS
Campaasan 1 Public Market 100 Functional
San Roque 2 Flee Market 100 Functional
Campaasan Flee Market 100 Functional




WAREHOUSES
Cambunang 1 >1,000 cavs. 100 Functional
Campaasan 3 >1,000 cavs. 100 Functional
Nasucob 1 >1,000 cavs. 100 Functional
San Roque 1 >1,000 cavs. 100 Functional
Source: Office of the Municipal Agriculturist

Source: Municipal Agriculture Office of Bulalacao, Oriental Mindoro